Penal Law § 270.00 Unlawfully dealing with fireworks and dangerous fireworks

Penal Law § 270.00 
Unlawfully dealing with fireworks and dangerous fireworks.

1.    Definition  of  “fireworks”  and “dangerous fireworks”. The term

“fireworks,” as used in this section, is defined and declared to be  and

to include any blank cartridge, blank cartridge pistol, or toy cannon in

which  explosives are used, firecrackers, sparklers or other combustible

or explosive of like construction, or  any  preparation  containing  any

explosive  or  inflammable  compound  or  any  tablets  or  other device

commonly used and sold  as  fireworks  containing  nitrates,  chlorates,

oxalates,   sulphides  of  lead,  barium,  antimony,  arsenic,  mercury,

nitroglycerine, phosphorus or any compound containing any of the same or

other explosives, or any substance  or  combination  of  substances,  or

article  prepared  for  the purpose of producing a visible or an audible

effect by combustion, explosion, deflagration or  detonation,  or  other

device  containing  any  explosive  substance  and  the  term “dangerous

fireworks” means any  fireworks  capable  of  causing  serious  physical

injury and which are: firecrackers containing more than fifty milligrams

of  any explosive substance, torpedoes, skyrockets and rockets including

all devices which employ any  combustible  or  explosive  substance  and

which  rise in the air during discharge, Roman candles, bombs, sparklers

more than ten inches in length or one-fourth of one inch in diameter, or

chasers including all devices which dart or travel about the surface  of

the  ground  during  discharge.    “Fireworks” and “dangerous fireworks”

shall not be deemed to include (1) flares of the type used by  railroads

or  any  warning lights commonly known as red flares, or marine distress

signals of a type approved by the United States coast guard or  (2)  toy

pistols,  toy  canes,  toy  guns  or  other  devices in which paper caps

containing twenty-five hundredths grains or less of  explosive  compound

are used, providing they are so constructed that the hand cannot come in

contact  with  the  cap when in place for use, and toy pistol paper caps

which contain less than twenty-hundredths grains of  explosive  mixture,

the  sale  and use of which shall be permitted at all times, or (3) bank

security devices which contain not more than fifty grams of any compound

or substance or any combination thereof, together with  an  igniter  not

exceeding  0.2  gram, capable of producing a lachrymating and/or visible

or audible effect, where such device is stored or used  only  by  banks,

national  banking  associations, trust companies, savings banks, savings

and loan associations, industrial banks, or credit  unions,  or  by  any

manufacturer,  wholesaler,  dealer,  jobber  or  common carrier for such

devices and where the total storage on any one premises does not  exceed

one hundred devices.

2.    Offense.    (a)   Except as herein otherwise provided, or except

where a permit is obtained pursuant to section 405.00;  (i)  any  person

who  shall  offer or expose for sale, sell or furnish,  any fireworks or

dangerous fireworks is guilty of a class B misdemeanor;

(ii) any person who shall offer or expose for sale,  sell  or  furnish

any  fireworks  or dangerous fireworks valued at five hundred dollars or

more shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor;

(b) (i)  Except as herein otherwise stated, or except where  a  permit

is  obtained  pursuant  to section 405.00, any person who shall possess,

use, explode or cause to explode any fireworks or dangerous fireworks is

guilty of a violation.

(ii)  A person who shall offer or expose for sale,  sell  or  furnish,

any  dangerous  fireworks to any person who is under the age of eighteen

is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(iii) A person who has previously been convicted  of  a  violation  of

subparagraph  (ii) of this paragraph within the preceding five years and

who shall offer or expose for  sale,  sell  or  furnish,  any  dangerous

fireworks  to  any  person  who  is  under the age of eighteen, shall be

guilty of a class E felony.

(c)  Possession  of  fireworks  or dangerous fireworks valued at fifty

dollars or more shall be a presumption that such fireworks were intended

to be offered or exposed for sale.

3.  The provisions of this section shall not apply to articles of  the

kind  and  nature herein mentioned, while in possession of railroads and

transportation agencies for the  purpose  of  transportation  to  points

without  the  state,  the  shipment  of  which  is not prohibited by the

interstate commerce commission regulations as formulated  and  published

from time to time, unless the same be held voluntarily by such railroads

or  transportation  companies  as  warehousemen  for  delivery to points

within the state; provided, that none of the provisions of this  section

shall  apply  to  signaling  devices used by railroad companies or motor

vehicles referred to in subdivision seventeen of section  three  hundred

seventy-five  of  the vehicle and traffic law, or to high explosives for

blasting or similar purposes; provided that none of  the  provisions  of

this section shall apply to fireworks or dangerous fireworks and the use

thereof  by  the  army  and  navy  departments  of the state and federal

government; nor shall anything in this act  contained  be  construed  to

prohibit   any   manufacturer,   wholesaler,   dealer   or  jobber  from

manufacturing, possessing or selling  at  wholesale  such  fireworks  or

dangerous fireworks to municipalities, religious or civic organizations,

fair  associations, amusement parks, or other organizations or groups of

individuals  authorized  to  possess  and  use  fireworks  or  dangerous

fireworks  under  this act, or the sale or use of blank cartridges for a

show or theatre, or for signal purposes in athletic sports, or  for  dog

trials  or  dog  training, or the use, or the storage, transportation or

sale for use of fireworks or dangerous fireworks in the preparation  for

or  in connection with television broadcasts; nor shall anything in this

act contained be construed to prohibit the manufacture of  fireworks  or

dangerous  fireworks, nor the sale of any kind of fireworks or dangerous

fireworks, provided the same are to  be  shipped  directly  out  of  the

state.

4.    Sales  of ammunition not prohibited.   Nothing contained in this

section shall be construed to prevent, or interfere in any way with, the

sale of ammunition for revolvers or pistols of any kind, or for  rifles,

shot  guns,  or other arms, belonging or which may belong to any persons

whether as sporting or hunting weapons or for the purpose of  protection

to them in their homes, or, as they may go abroad; and manufacturers are

authorized  to  continue  to manufacture, and wholesalers and dealers to

continue to deal in and freely to sell ammunition to  all  such  persons

for such purposes.

5.    Notwithstanding  the  provisions  of  subdivision  four  of this

section, it shall be unlawful for any dealer in  firearms  to  sell  any

ammunition  designed  exclusively for use in a pistol or revolver to any

person, not authorized to possess a pistol or revolver.   The  violation

of this section shall constitute a class B misdemeanor.